Comparative Analysis of Anthropometric Indicators of Physical Development of Schoolchildren in the Cities of Samara and Penza
Aim — definition of modern features of growth and development of children from Samara and Penza.
Material and methods. Anthropometric researches (length and body mass, circumference of the chest, waist and hips) of children from Samara and Penza at the age of 7-17 years were held. 2784 healthy and almost healthy children (I and II health groups) joined the survey group: 1397 children from Samara and 1387 children from Penza. The obtained data of the average values of anthropometric characteristics of children from Penza were compared with the results of the research of the corresponding sex and age groups of schoolchildren from Samara. The statistical processing of the obtained data was made with the help of the software package SPSS 21.
Results.Children from Penza in primary and middle school levels have reliably higher values of the measures of the length and body mass in comparison with the parameters of their peers from Samara. Boys from Penza in all age groups (except 12 years old boys) and girls in middle (11-14 years) and senior (15-17 years) school levels have reliably higher values of the measures of chest circumference in comparison with the parameters of their peers from Samara. Waist circumference of boys from Penza has reliably higher values in age groups of 7, 10, 11, 13-17 years. At the same time, significant differences in the values of waist circumference of girls from Penza and Samara were not revealed. Schoolchildren from Penza in the boys’ age groups of 7-11, 13 years and girls’ age groups of 7-14 years have reliably higher values of the measures of the circumference of hips in comparison with the corresponding groups of schoolchildren from Samara.
Conclusion. Revealed significant differences of anthropometric data can serve as the evidence of inhomogeneous influence of such factors as living conditions and lifestyle, environment, and educational process on the growth and development of schoolchildren from Samara and Penza.
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Berezin II, Sazonova OV, Gavryushin MYu. Comparative Analysis of Anthropometric Indicators of Physical Development of Schoolchildren in the Cities of Samara and Penza. Science & Innovations in Medicine. 2016(1):25-30.
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