Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression Syndromes in Correlation with Major Risk Factors for Chronic Noninfectious Diseases Among Patients of the Samara Region
Aim — to study the prevalence of syndromes of anxiety and depression in correlation with major risk factors (RF) of chronic noninfectious diseases among patients of the Samara region considering themselves healthy.
Materials and methods. A comparative population-based cross-sectional study was based on a representative selection of patients (95 people) from the Samara region (rural and urban population) at the age of 19—68 years.
Results. The study revealed a significant increase in the rates of fatigue, anxiety and depression in outpatients. The syndrome of anxiety of subclinical level was detected in 35.7% of patients, clinical level — in 23.2% of patients; the syndrome of subclinical depression was revealed in 21.0% of patients, and 4.2% had the clinical level. We discovered the correlation between the syndromes of anxiety and depression and the major RF of chronic noninfectious diseases and patient’s satisfaction with quality of medical care in the clinic. High levels of anxiety were more frequent in men, at older age, and were associated with physical inactivity. Severe depression more often occurred at older age and in the presence of hypercholesterolemia. The income level of the patient correlated with the level of stress exposure, physical activity and satisfaction with the work of the policlinics. We did not reveal the relationship between the syndromes of anxiety and/or depression and the level of income, degree of hypertension, social activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, and body mass index.
Conclusion. The results indicate that the presence of the syndromes of anxiety and depression increases the risk of occurrence of other independent risk factors of chronic noninfectious diseases. The identified trends can serve as the basis for targeted screening programs for diagnostics and prevention of chronic noninfectious diseases.
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KrylovaIA, KupaevVI, SlobodyanyukAL, NurdinaMS, BorisovOYu. Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression Syndromes in Correlation with Major Risk Factors for Chronic Noninfectious Diseases Among Patients of the Samara Region. Science & Innovations in Medicine. 2017;4(8):18—22.
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