A method of endoprosthesis implantation in patients with breast cancer
Objectives – to improve the immediate results of treatment in patients with breast cancer, using a new method of reconstruction.
Material and methods. The prospective study included 215 patients diagnosed with breast cancer. The patients received medical treatment in the Samara Regional Clinical Oncology Center from 2013 to 2016. The patients in the control group (n = 111) underwent a subcutaneous mastectomy with a standard endoprosthesis plastic, with complete muscular shelter of the endoprosthesis. The patients of the study group (n = 104) underwent a subcutaneous mastectomy with a new method of single-stage reconstruction.
Results. The mean time of operation in the control group was 115 ± 15 minutes, in the study group - 90 ± 10 minutes, the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.000). Intraoperative blood loss in the patients of the control group reached 115 ± 15 ml, in the study group - 70 ± 10 ml, (p = 0.000). The duration of postoperative lymphorrhea in the control group was 14.6 ± 3.5 days, in the study group - 10 ± 3.4 days (p = 0.000). Postoperative bed-day in the control group was 17.1 ± 3.7, and in the study group - 14.2 ± 2.4 days, (p = 0.001).
Conclusion. The use of the new method of reconstruction statistically significantly improves the immediate results of treatment in patients with breast cancer in comparison with the group of patients who underwent a mastectomy with plastic surgery with the endoprosthesis in the standard way.
Conflict of Interest: nothing to disclose.
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Kozlov SV, Borisov AP, Moryatov AA, Tkachev MV. A method of endoprosthesis implantation in patients with breast cancer. Science & Innovations in Medicine. 2019;4(4):50-52. doi: 10.35693/2500-1388-2019-4-4-50-52
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